American Security Interests in Sub-Saharan Africa (26:478:521)
Through careful analysis of key scholars and critical texts, the course will enable students to consider Sub-Saharan Africa in the context of history and geo-politics; identify American security and foreign policy interests; and both assess and critique contemporary and future US foreign policy decisions regarding Sub-Saharan Africa.
An Introduction to the United Nations (26:478:532)
This course aims to guide students towards a comprehensive understanding of the foundations and operations of the United Nations. Students will develop and apply sound thinking to the normative and policy debates which surround the organization by examining the UN through its historical, theoretical and practical processes and dimensions. The course starts with an introduction to international multilateralism and the move of international society away from the League of Nations to the establishment of the UN. It then surveys the nature and influence of the UN—in conjunction with understanding its international legal underpinnings—as an institution for public policy and norm setting in the areas of security, human rights, peacekeeping and development. The course will also cover the internal workings of the UN as a bureaucracy and its operational and structural challenges.
Analytical Methods (20:834:561)
The purpose of this course is threefold. The first is to familiarize the student with the basics of social science research design and the first two classes the course will be dedicated to this purpose. A good research design enables us to verify the validity of a theory and is crucial to the development of knowledge. It is my hope to provide you with the ability to understand and think critically about the difficult problems that you encounter in your professional career. It is assumed that many of you have already taken or will soon take the Research Design course, so this class will only cover the contents that are directly linked to statistics and serve as a quick review of key concepts. Second and the main goal of course is to introduce you the theoretical foundation of statistical analysis. As a modern administrator, an insightful policy analyst or a good researcher, student must learn to become an intelligent consumer and producer of empirical research as applied to public administration. If you do not understand the statistical analysis and the methodology involved in administrative practices, you will have very limited ability to read research results from the professional literature and convey them to your audience. Third, this course is also designed to develop students’ skills in spreadsheet and popular statistical software such as SPSS and STATA. Over the course of the semester, we will use these computer programs intensively. All students are required to employ these techniques learned in class to work on their exercises and exams.
Anthropology and War (26:478:530)
This course is a survey of anthropological approaches to war. It does not cover theories from political science, the history of Europe or the great powers, or other “standard” war topics. This course looks at the nature of war as a human institution, where it comes from, and how it affects society. It asks how can we better understand war by using the vast range of cultures and behaviors that anthropologists study, and how those insights may relate to wars raging in the world today. It begins by examining the actual practice of war in “tribal” societies, then moves to theoretical overviews about interrelationships between war and society. Next come two units examining evidence and debates about “human nature” and war in humanity’s distant past. Four units sequentially present detailed discussions about war in relation to ecology, economy, and kinship, gender relations, values and belief systems, and finally, politics. The latter part of the semester shifts to the contemporary world. Two units examine first theories, then cases, of “ethnic” and other violence. The next unit deals with topics and cases related to the current global confrontation over terrorism, and the next with contemporary issues about anthropological engagement with military and security organizations. We conclude with a focus on peace.
Civil Resistance (26:920:577)
The historical and comparative examination of civil resistance; i.e., the widespread and sustained use of nonviolent methods by civilians to challenge a particular power, force, policy, or regime. In modern times civil resistance has been used against foreign occupation and exploitation, authoritarian regimes, electoral fraud, and racial, religious, ethnic, and gender discrimination. It has also been used against democratic governments over issues such as the defense of minority rights and autonomy, environmental protection, and opposition to military intervention and war. Modern civil resistance is examined through explorations of its historical roots, such as the general strike and Gandhi’s theory and praxis, its global expansion throughout the twentieth century, and its increasing use in the twenty-first century to resist structural violence and promote civil society.
Comparative Jurisprudence: Rights and Sentiments in a Globalizing Legal Culture (26:478:topics)
The course focuses on jurisprudence that is the study and theory of law from a comparative perspective. It starts by analyzing law from a theoretical standpoint and continues by examining it through history and cross-cultural perspectives. On this basis, which offers a general understanding of law and jurisprudence, the course addresses issues of law/jurisprudence in a comparative fashion, especially in the contemporary context. Taking as an entry point the nature and dynamics of rights and duties and their relations with sentiments in a world going through a process of increasing globalization, it analyzes some of the key aspects of law taken from Europe, the United States, Latin America, and Asia. The course ends with exploring what the central questions studied throughout the semester mean for the future of law, both nationally and internationally.
Comparative International Legal Regimes (26:478:532)
Most law courses focus on one given legal regime, be it at the national level or at the international level. This course will depart from this conventional approach. Rather than focusing on one legal regime, it will compare a variety of legal regimes, and this at the international level. It will mainly focus on human rights law, humanitarian law, environmental law, and business and economic law. On the basis of these international legal regimes, taken as examples, expressions and tools of international law contributing, or not, to global governance, the objectives of the course will be the following: 1) to acquire basic knowledge on each of these international legal regimes, chosen for their relevance and importance in the overall landscape of international law and global governance; 2) to compare the extent to which there is overlap and convergence in the fundamental principles, values and objectives of each of these regimes; 3) to assess the extent to which tensions and contradictions exist amongst them; 4) analyzing whether or not, and to what extent, these regimes are part of and, amount to a sound and coherent system of global governance; 5) to examine the conditions under which these international legal regimes could contribute to a better global governance of the world, including in their relations to relevant national legal regimes; and 6) to explore the nexus of international law—that is to say law as centered on the agency and relations of states—and global law—understood as dealing with state and non-state actors, including individuals, NGOs, and transborder networks. And furthermore, how this nexus is and its emerging legal regime is transforming the project of global policy as a whole.
Contemporary Issues in International Law (26:478:504, Online)
This course begins with a general introduction to the principles and sources of international law and the differences between international and national law. We will look at the processes which exist to articulate, institutionalize and enforce rules and precepts. Finally, we will introduce students to selected substantive areas of international law including human rights, the law of war, the law of the sea and the environment. Standard texts will provide students with a general history of international law development and the state of international institutions and enforcement mechanisms. In addition students will be required to review applicable documents, including treaties, charters, and draft proposals. Students will read and review selected articles provided by the Professor and prepare a research paper regarding a specific international law concern.
Corporate Innovation and International Business (26:478:596; 26:553:604)
This course shows how the multinational firm depends critically on its technological and related skills to achieve its central strategic objectives. Introductory classes consider the determinants and characteristics of corporate technological change, and the linkages between science and technology, and the consequences of their geographical localization for international business. Then we assess the contention that corporate strategy should include a strategy for managing innovation, the purpose of which is deliberately to accumulate and exploit firm-specific knowledge. The course examines the implications of technological change as a learning process, for inter-company technology-based alliances, for international technology transfer, and for capturing the returns to innovation in the multinational firm. The innovative records of large and small firms are compared. The use of corporate patent statistics is appraised as a means of measuring patterns of innovation at the firm level. The course concludes with a discussion of systems of innovation, and of technology policies.
Culture, Political Violence, and Globalization (26:735:545)
This course explores the cultural, structural, socioeconomic, and ethnohistorical dimensions of different types of violence (political violence, terrorism, war, and genocide) in a variety of local contexts (Cambodia, Rwanda, the Yanomamo, the United States, Argentina, Paraguay). It examines such topics as the bodily inscription of violence, terror and taboo, and the discourses mediating the perpetration, experience, and aftermaths of mass violence.
Development Economics (26:220:539)
This course introduces macro and micro development models and issues. The first part gives an overview of growth theories and their empirical evaluation. Then institutional explanations of slow growth and underdevelopment are discussed. Students also learn about theories of market failure in credit and insurance markets, how the lack of financial markets affects households and firms in developing countries and the Microfinance “revolution”. Furthermore, the course discusses issues and theories concerning poverty, nutrition and education. Before people can trade, invest and be productive workers they need to have enough to eat, be free of disease and be sufficiently educated. The course also provides an introduction to the econometric evaluation of development programs. The course ends with a discussion of foreign aid and the controversy surrounding it.
Doctoral Seminar in Theory and Methods (26:478:590)
This course is designed to assist doctoral students in preparing their dissertation proposals. As such, it is intended to acquaint students with the major substantive, epistemological, methodological and paradigmatic choices you will have to make prior to defending your proposal. As such, the course is pluralistic in its approach, seeking to acquaint you with the key literature and issues, and apply them effectively to your own work. The course is divided into three sections. Section 1 will examine the dominant epistemological, methodological and ontological framework in which a dissertation is embedded. The readings are generally abstract. The goal, however, is to help you understand the purpose of your dissertation and then decide the best way to frame your dissertation by addressing questions such as: what is a theory?; what is an explanation?; what is a puzzle?; what is the appropriate level of analysis for my work?; and which is the most appropriate methodology for me to adopt and why? Section 2 will examine a series of questions about the relationship between state, society and alternative constructions of the field of global affairs. It will examine the dominant theories of global politics, and alternative ways of formulating the relationship between key state and societal forces. The final section will consist of three weeks of class presentations by participants in the course.
Econometrics (26:220:507; 26:478:507)
Econometrics, literally “economic measurement,” is a branch of economics that attempts to quantify theoretical relationships. This course presents topics in econometrics including a review of the classical linear regression model and some advance topics. This course will have both a theoretical and an applied component and there will be a focus on using econometrics software in estimating econometrics models learned during the semester.
Economics of Immigration, Gender and Family (26:478:505)
This course will consist of two parts. In the first part we will focus on the economics of immigration and in the second, economics of gender. We begin with a brief history of immigration in the U.S., including a contrast of the immigration in the early twentieth century from the new immigrants. The course will go into detail on the labor market impact of immigration (both theory and empirics), including the effect of high skilled immigration, impact on native employment and wages. We will also cover immigrant assimilation, ethnic capital, and the generation effect. This course will focus on immigrant networks and its effect on trade creation and immigrant’s employment and wages as well. We will also compare and contrast immigration into the U.S. with Europe. If time permits we will focus on one or two contemporary issues such as illegal immigration, the effect of immigration on housing, and the recent health care reform. In the second part of the course, we will cover some topics on economics of gender, including the economics of marriage and family, female labor participation in the major developed countries, and the gender wage gap (including occupational segregation and discrimination). Both theory and empirics will be covered. These topics will also be discussed for immigrants as well as natives. We will end the semester with a discussion on the catching up of women in the U.S. and compare it to the other major European countries.
Environmental Conflict (26:735:525)
Competition over territory and natural resources often leads to social conflict. This course focuses on the ways power dynamics shape landscapes, cause conflict, and exacerbate problems of ecological scarcity and degradation. Historical and ethnographic case studies illuminate the ways environmental conflicts have been framed by policymakers, social scientists, and people on the ground. These include, for example, the forceful displacement of Native Americans for the creation of national parks in the United States, the seizure of African savannah by British colonialists for large-game hunting preserves, the delimitation of rain forest by states and NGOs for biodiversity protection and ecotourism, and the enforcement of international bans against killing endangered species in regions where poverty is acute. Texts explore influential theories of environmental conflict, such as the “tragedy of the commons,” scarcity-induced violence, political ecology, postcolonial mindsets, and overpopulation, as well as scholarly critiques of these perspectives.
Ethics and Global Affairs (26:478:514)
How many civilians is it acceptable to kill or injure in order to capture or kill a single terrorist? Why is it acceptable to launch a war against Muammar Gaddafi in Libya in the name of civilian protection but not Bashar al-Assad in Syria? Or in Bosnia but not Rwanda? When is it acceptable to tap the telephones of ordinary citizens in the name of national security? Why should we ask emerging economies not to pollute the earth when it is the foundation of the wealth of the global north? And who gets to decide that incarcerating criminal and terrorist suspects and illegal migrants for years on end in prisons scattered throughout the world without access to the legal system is consistent with the principles of liberal democracy? In this course, we will examine these as well as other comparable questions. We will look at the foundations of ethics in public policy, and their role in answering some of the most pressing, topical and difficult challenges of this and successive generations. We will attempt to apply these principles by learning about some of the basic literature on ethics in international relations, debating the pros and cons of the various approaches, and there implications for public policies.
The EU as a Security Actor (26:478:513)
As a security community, the EU has to deal with internal safety, external threats, and new forms of transnational threats. This new configuration of challenges explains the creation of a new security strategy, planned mutual defense and new EU tools involving emergency preparedness, a solidarity clause for the protection against terrorism, and military and civil crisis management. Correspondingly, there has therefore been a blurring of the distinction between external and internal security as a consequence of a growing set of transnational risks, and the merging of internal safety and external instruments of crisis management. As a result, this trend has led to the emergence of a new type of security identity in the EU. The purpose of this course is to address the issues raised by the expansive notion of EU security from both a theoretical and an empirical perspective. The first section of the course includes the presentation of the main concepts, followed by a global overview of the main EU security structures, policies, and agents. The second section is devoted to various empirical case studies such as the European security policy in Europe as well as in other parts of the world; the economic aspects of EU security; Europe’s human security policy; terrorist threats and counterterrorism; and biological threats. The third section seeks to provide a critical evaluation of the various EU security structures and agents, as well as the effective role of the EU as a regional/international security actor.
Evolution of the Global System (26:478:572; 26:790:508; 26:510:543)
What is the “global system”? Is there a single system that encompasses all parts of the world, or overlapping regional systems more loosely connected? What is the character of this system (or these systems), and for how long have they bound distant people together? How and why has the global system evolved over time? Where does the locus of power lie within this matrix? To these open-ended questions historians, anthropologists, and social scientists have offered an array of competing answers—as we’ll see. Some regard the global system as dating back 500 years, others, 5000. And where some conceive interconnectedness in terms of capitalism’s worldwide evolution, others focus on the emergence of a system of states, and latterly on organizations that arguably exceed and render obsolescent the sovereign state: multilateral agencies like the World Bank and IMF; NGOs, and multi-national corporations. This course takes a long view of globalizing processes: thickening connections between peoples and cultures, often in asymmetric patterns of exchange and/or expropriation. The selected readings have been chosen to draw attention to the “lumpiness” of their development, and to the ways in which large-scale phenomena (like the evolution of capitalism, chattel slavery, empire and decolonization) have affected—and continue to shape—everyday life in specific places. The specific place we will concentrate on is Africa. This may appear a counter-intuitive choice. After all, many contemporary commentators consider most (if not all) sub-Saharan Africa to be “left behind” by globalization. But is it? What might such a statement overlook about the continent’s past and present?
Fundamentals of Economics in Global Affairs (26:478:512; 26:220:512)
The objective of this one semester course is to provide students who have not taken a microeconomics or macroeconomics course with the basic skills for them to be able to be conversant with economic issues. The student should be able to leave the course understanding the effects of various economic policies on both nations and the international system.
If the 20th century, which has been called “the century of genocide,” ended with the horrors of Bosnia, Rwanda, and Kosovo, genocidal violence has continued unabated into the new millennium, as illustrated by Darfur, the Democratic Republic of Congo, and Syria. Such genocidal violence raises one set of questions we will examine in this course. How does genocide come to take place? How is it patterned? What motivates people to participate in such violence? How is genocide represented, coped with, and remembered? How might it be prevented? On yet another level, which might be called “critical genocide studies,” a second set of epistemological questions emerges. What, exactly, is “genocide?” Where did the term come from and how has it been defined and examined over time? And, as it has been defined and examined, what sorts of topics have been foregrounded and backgrounded? Such questions may be asked about the field of genocide studies itself. What sorts of disciplinary practices and forms of knowledge are characteristic of the field? In this course, we will explore both sets of questions related to genocide studies. We will examine the first set of questions through the use of a genocide studies reader, which will provide an overview of the key issues in the field. To address the second set of questions, we will look at the origins of the concept of genocide and the path through which the field of genocide studies has been constituted. In doing so, we will consider the work of Raphael Lemkin, the man who coined the term and pushed for the criminalization of genocide in international law. Lemkin, who taught at the Rutgers-Newark School of Law from 1955-56, died at a relatively young age leaving behind, among other things, a history of genocide that explored a range of cases, many of which are under-studied and under-examined.
Genocide, War Crimes, and International Law (26:478:topics)
The International Criminal Court is neither the beginning nor the end of attempts by the international community to regulate the conduct of belligerents and obtain international justice. This course will examine the concept of international justice as it relates to the crime of genocide specifically and war crimes generally. The concepts and procedures with which international tribunals wrestle today are the result of centuries of thought and action and form the basis of institutional activities which will attempt to regulate the worst of human behavior in the future.
Global Data and Statistics (26:478:511)
The course is being offered by several key specialists in the fields of statistics and data on an international level. It is geared towards giving students an understanding of how data is collected, analyzed and utilized globally through various channels. The course will begin with a historical approach to the evolution of global statistics and data collection. The following sessions will each analyze an aspect of global statistics.
Global Environmental Issues (26:790:538)
This is course focuses on the global environmental “problematique” and the ways in which it is being played out in a variety of political and policy arenas. Apart from introducing the student to the concepts and literature in global environmental politics, the course is intended to provide students with insights into: the political structure and context of transnational environmental issues; the ways in which individuals are implicated in these issues; the intergovernmental mechanisms established for addressing environmental problems; the treatment of environmental problems that occur in many different places but are not necessarily linked; and transnational environmental activity, including that through social movements, non-governmental organizations, and corporate actors. We will approach these matters through a focus on four general aspects of the environmental problematique: environmental governance; civil society and transnational actors; critical debates on justice, development, and economic issues; and environmental security.
Global Governance (26:478:537; 26:790:537)
This course is designed to acquaint students with a broad understanding of the primary actors, institutions and issues in the field of Global Governance – and how each relate to ongoing dynamics and deliberations in national, international and global policy debates. As a survey course, it includes three elements; theoretical, historical and policy issue components—all designed to inform you about the cycles of these debates.
Global Health (45:705:652)
This interdisciplinary course provides the essential background to understanding key political, cultural, social, environmental and economic impactors on the health of global populations as well as on the development of global health policies. Global health policies will be examined within the broader context of health and development. Using both qualitative and quantitative analytical methods, students will address the socio-cultural, political, economic, environmental and health systems contexts of health, the social determinants of health and the effects of health status on globalization outcomes and global health policy.
Global Justice (26:070:575; 26:478:575)
How do societies come to terms with the aftermath of genocide and mass violence? And how might the international community contribute to this process? In recent years, transitional justice mechanisms such as tribunals, memorialization efforts, and truth commissions have emerged as a favored means of redress. Tribunals, in particular, have been increasingly given a privileged role in transitional justice as illustrated by the proliferation of courts related to conflicts in places like Bosnia, Cambodia, East Timor, Iraq, Kosovo, Lebanon, Rwanda, and Sierra Leone. Because justice is so frequently assumed to be transcendent and universal, epitomized by due process, legal rights, and international norms, it is critical to explore how a sense of justice (or the lack thereof) after genocide and mass violence is always negotiated within particular localities enmeshed with global and transnational flows of ideas and ideologies, legal mechanisms, human rights regimes, and capital, electronic media, and so forth. This course explores this nexus of justice and locality—the dynamic intersection of a varying combination of local, regional, national, transnational, and global processes in particular contexts. And we will ask how is transitional justice translated in the “vernacular” and what sort of local alternatives to global justice might exist and perhaps even be utilized in the process of seeking redress and reconciliation.
Global Policy Seminar (26:478:510)
The course is being offered by four senior specialists and practitioners in the field of global development, who combine long histories in the United Nations, in the field and in academia (see biographies attached). The course brings together development and policy at the global level, with a focus on international organizations and the United Nations. It highlights how development policy and practice are influenced by different perspectives and approaches. It illustrates how different departure points such as human rights, inclusive and sustainable development offer different lenses through which development can be envisioned, and how these perspectives have concretely influenced development practices. The course pays particular attention to the evaluation of results of development and peace interventions. The course material is built around a back-and-forth between theory and practice. After the course, students will be equipped to better understand the underlying currents and stakes of international debates on development and peace, and appreciate why development practice is an art, not a science. The course consists of 13 three-hour seminars. The first seminar will introduce the course plan, materials and expectations. The second session will be held at the United Nations headquarters in New York City and will involve a get-together with senior UN officials. Three seminars each will be devoted to development policy and data (Professors Helgason and Coicaud); development evaluation and policy change (Professor Uitto); and UN peace operations (Professor Sur). This course is a must for students intending to engage in international development policy, especially in the United Nations context.
Global Political Economy (26:478:541; 26:790:541; 26:553:607)
This course offers a global perspective on long term change in the world economy, and the interaction between countries, regulatory systems and business firms. Attention is especially focused on the dynamics of international trade and investment, including the relationship between trade and economic growth, trade imbalances and protectionism, and the impact of technological innovation on international competitiveness. The role of economic and political institutions is also a central feature of our discussion, including the international trading and financial systems, national systems of innovation and political economy, and the interaction between multinational companies and both the state and multilateral institutions. The course also looks at the possibility of long waves in the world economy, and examines a variety of alternative perspectives on the origins and processes of globalization.
Globalization and Security (26:478:595)
This seminar will focus on the effects of globalization on various aspects of public security such as international conflict, terrorism, health, crime, commerce, disaster response. We propose to examine the threats, the decision making, the data and analysis, the risk assessment and risk management used in each area.
History of International Business (26:478:589; 26:478:601)
This course examines the history of international business, with a particular focus upon the context and determinants of the growth over the last 150 years of the largest multinational corporations (MNCs).
Human Security Seminar (26:478:516)
The growth in the number of failed and fragile states, marked by the failure of the rule of law, has been sustained over the course of the last decade. The product in many countries has been civil conflict, the deprivation of human rights and the displacement of large numbers of the population who are subject to violence in a variety of forms. From Latin America to Africa and Asia, internally displaced persons and refugees have sought sanctity. These efforts, however, have often proved unsuccessful, often resulting in high mortality rates. In this seminar we shall examine the questions of how and why human security emerged, what it entails, and the issue of the protection of vulnerable populations in the context of civil and military conflict.
Immigration & Security in Europe & US: Internal Security Reconsidered in the Post 9/11 Era (26:478:515)
The intention of this course is to assess the dimensions and importance of immigration and terrorism as current and future security issues in both the United States and Europe. Prior to the events of September 11, an “internal security ideology” encompassed a collection of issues ranging from immigration and asylum to border control, organized crime, public order, and terrorism. These issues could be arrayed along a single “security continuum.” The terrorist attacks of 9/11 strengthened the linkage between immigration and security issues. This event, thus, influenced the process of immigration on both continents—generating new restrictive policy measures, creating new institutions designed to improve the fight against terrorism, and affecting the perception of migrants among host populations on both sides of the Atlantic.
International Finance/International Economics II (26:478:519; 26:220:519; Ph.D. students only)
This course analyzes the causes and consequences of international trade. The first part of the course covers economic models used for the analysis of international trade policy issues. The second part of the course examines policies that governments adopt towards international trade and discusses more specific trade topics that have attracted special attention in recent years. Some of the questions that will be addressed are: Why do countries trade? Are countries better off because they trade? Are both trading partners better off? Who gains and who loses within a country? What is the impact of trade on income inequality? Is there a role for strategic trade policy? How does trade affect the economies of developed and developing countries?
International Human Rights Law (23:600:538)
This course will provide an overview of the international legal and institutional system for the protection of human rights. We will look at the material both from an academic perspective and from the point of view of the human rights practitioner, tackling difficult theoretical issues in the field as well as assessing the practical strengths and weaknesses of human rights law.
International Law (26:478:504, 26:790:538; 26:070:572; dual J.D. and Ph.D. students should take 23:600:638)
This course is designed to help students understand the basis of the human project of international law. It includes an assessment and critique of contemporary efforts towards the articulation, institutionalization, and enforcement of international laws and norms. Additionally, we will also consider the success and failure of international law efforts in specified areas.
International Law and World Order (23:600:638)
This course begins with a general introduction to the principles and sources of international law and the differences between international and national law. We will look at the processes which exist to articulate, institutionalize and enforce rules and precepts. Finally, we will introduce students to selected substantive areas of international law including human rights, the law of war, the law of the sea and the law of the environment.
International Legitimacy and Global Justice (26:478:525)*
Bringing together theory and practice, the course will examine the extent and limits of international law and international organizations in support of human rights and global justice. It will describe their contribution in these areas, as well as evaluate it. It will also explore suggestions to achieve a better alignment of international law and international organizations, and human rights and global justice in the future.(note: dual J.D. / M.S. or Ph.D. students should take all courses in 23:600 as the Law School will not accept 26:478).
Macroeconomic Theory (26:478:503; 26:220:502)
This course is an introduction to advanced modern macroeconomics. Its goal is to provide an overview of the major theories concerning central questions in macroeconomics. A substantial portion will be devoted to models of long-term economic growth, and business cycles, as well as to issues related to open economy macroeconomics.
Microeconomic Theory (26:220:501)
This course will be taught assuming that students have taken an intermediate microeconomics course. Furthermore, students should have a working knowledge of multivariate calculus at a minimum.
Modern Political Terrorism (26:478:574)
The seminar will examine the definition of terrorism to better understand its political and legal consequences. Discussions will include the connections between terror campaigns, revolutions, and insurgencies; the global history of terrorism; the role of ideas in fermenting terrorist activity, including ideologies, nationalism, race/ethnicity, and mass movements; typologies of terrorist groups; the role of religion and its connections to the Middle East and radical Islamist groups; intelligence and counter-intelligence programs; an in-depth review of the 9/11 report; counter-terrorism and counter-insurgencies; the impact of the US Homeland Security programs including the Patriot Act; and the impacts and risks of terrorism in connection to globalization. Additionally, there are two different simulation exercises to help students integrate the discussions and reading material into practical application.
National Innovation Policy & International Business (26:478:593; cross-listed with 26:553:605)
This course examines the relationship between the strategies for innovation of multinational corporations (MNCs) and those of national governments in a global economic environment. A key theme is the relationship between innovation and competitiveness at the firm and country levels, and the interaction between these two levels since the majority of technological capacity is held by MNCs while government policies affect the extent and pattern of innovations within national boundaries. Attention is given to the distinctiveness of national patterns of technological specialization, how these reflect the characteristics of local policies and institutions, and how they have been changing over time. The international location of technological activity is considered from the national perspective of the effects of globalization on catching up (or falling behind); from the cross-border perspective of MNCs; and from the local perspective of regional systems of innovation and localized clusters, and the interactions in knowledge creation between MNC subsidiaries and indigenous firms. The course concludes with an evaluation of how innovation policies are being gradually reshaped in the current context of the globalization of a knowledge-driven economy.
Nation Building in the US and Europe (20:834:504)
What does it take today to be American? Who are ‘the Europeans’? What are the factors explaining the attitude of majority groups toward minority groups? And to what degree are European and American policies converging? The purpose of this course is to assess the importance of national identity as a current and future issue in the US and Europe. The notion of identity relates to three key dimensions examined in this course from both a theoretical and an empirical perspective: National identity as framed by a series of demographic factors (immigration and the changing composition of the national population); the new challenges that have been raised by the increasing diversity in the US and Europe such as the political representation of minorities and the legitimacy of those claiming to represent them; and the various policies designed to protect national identity and their impact in terms of exclusion and inclusion, civil liberties, and democratic participation.
Power, Institutions, and Norms in Global Affairs (26:478:517)
Current debates in global affairs focus heavily on the respective importance of power, institutions and norms as explanations of behavior by both state and non-state actors. Surprisingly little work focuses on how these explanations interact, how they influence the behavior of actors in addressing a variety of transnational issues, or if and how global initiatives are formulated, codified and then (most importantly) enforced. In this course, we examine the relevant literature, and consider both the ways in which soft and hard power is linked, and when initiatives are likely to actually be enforced, in attempting to combat a variety of challenging problems such new security issues and global economic crisis.
Quantitative Methods for Global Affairs (26:478:506)
In this course, students are introduced to data analysis, statistical inference, and research design relevant to global affairs research. Topics covered will include variable measurement, descriptive statistics, confidence intervals, hypothesis tests, correlation, and regression analysis.
Social Movements and Globalization (26:478:585; 26:920:585)
Examination of social movements in the context of globalization. Major topics include: (1) how globalization and global civil society are changing the nature of political activism and contention, (2) local, national, and transnational social movements that have developed in response to various injustices – some of which have been exacerbated by economic globalization – and (3) alternative visions of politics and society that are emerging from the global justice (alternative globalization) movement. Specific social movements examined include the human rights movement, the women’s movement, the environmental movement, the labor movement, peasant movements, and movements concerned with land use, sustainable development, and international inequality.
Strategic Non-Violent Conflict (26:920:585)
This course examines strategic nonviolent conflict, i.e., conflicts prosecuted by civilians wielding methods of nonviolent action in struggles against oppressive and often violent opponents. The organized and sustained use of methods of nonviolent action by civilians in asymmetric conflicts is often referred to as “civil resistance.” Civil resistance movements occur partially or entirely outside of institutional political channels (which may be nonexistent, blocked, or controlled by hostile parties) and involve people using methods of nonviolent action to deny legitimacy and support to the opponent. Historically, the impact of civil resistance on challenging unjust relationships between citizens and states, and oppressor and oppressed, has been significant.
Theory of International Business (26:478:597; 26:553:602)
This course provides a critical overview of the major theoretical approaches in the international business literature. These strands of analysis can be grouped under the five headings of the market power, internalization, eclectic paradigm, competitive international industry and macroeconomic approaches. We examine both the differences and the scope for complementarities between these alternative means of thinking about international business. Drawing upon this analytical background, the course then reviews the key areas of recent research focus. These crucial new research issues include the role of location in international business, the strategy and organization of multinational corporations, subsidiary level development, cross-border alliances and international mergers and acquisitions. The course concludes with an assessment of the role of methodological design and prospective new directions in international business research.
Theory of International Relations (26:478:topics)
This course examines the main schools of thought in the field of International Relations and their chief theoretical debates on various aspects of world politics. Also, it evaluates the internal logic, coherence, historical evolution, and the respective explanatory value of the theories grounded in each school of thought. Further, the course ascertains how to organize theories of International Relations in order to make them more accessible to different research needs and applications. The course treats theories as road maps to guide and facilitate research rather than to obfuscate the study and analysis of world politics. Hence, every effort will be made to connect theoretical abstraction and the theory-building enterprise with methodological implementation, problem-solving usefulness, and the promotion of empirical relevance.